Safety Systems In An Automobile

With the growing use of automobiles, and with cars being made to go faster, automobile safety has become a critical factor in ensuring driver safety. Here are some of the safety systems implemented in automobiles.
Safety belt
The most common safety system used in an automobile, the safety belt effectively ensures driver safety in situations where the vehicle is come to a sudden halt such as a collision. When the vehicle encounters a collision, collision sensors convey this information to the ECU which activates the safety belt system. The purpose of the seat belt is to restrain the forward motion of the driver or passenger and thereby preventing any serious head injuries.
Automatic fire suppression
When it comes to race cars, the internal working mechanisms of the car will be pushed to its limits, hence gets overheated. If any internal parts in the race car catch fire, race car fire suppression systems are able to sense the location and immediately extinguish the flame and thereby safeguard the vehicle parts from fire damage. They may also be installed on non-race car vehicles however is quite unnecessary as the tendency of vehicle parts to catch fire is quite low if the vehicle is travelling at a moderate speed.
Collision Avoidance systems
Although these come only in certain models of cars, this system uses radar technology to sense the car that is travelling in front of your car. Based on the information it receives it will send appropriate warnings if it senses a collision is about to take place or can even automatically bring the car to a halt. The information from the radar is sent to the ECU of the car which then executes the necessary action in the car. A similar procedure happens in a vehicle fire suppression system as it is first activated by the ECU.
Air bags
This usually goes hand in hand with the safety belt systems as they are activated when a collision is detected. Almost all cars come equipped with these and they are located in the steering wheel and also a one for the front seat passenger. The purpose of these air bags is to cushion the impact of driver’s and passenger’s head with the car. Modern air bag systems also protect other parts of the body such as the knees or even on the sides of the car in the case of an impact on the side.
These automobile safety systems improve driver and passenger safety if encountering a collision and effectively minimises the chances of a fatality.